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The Effect of the Constructivist Yakir Model (CLM) in Acquiring Historical Concepts for Fifth-Grade Literary Students and Developing Their Spatial-Visual Intelligence


  • Dr. Arkan Hussein Ali


Yacker's constructivist model (CLM), historical concepts, spatial-visual intelligence.


The current research aims Identifying the effect of (Yaker's Constructivist Model (CLM) on the acquisition of historical concepts by fifth-grade literary students and the development of their spatial-visual intelligence).

To verify the aim of the research and its hypotheses, an experimental research method was used, and a design of two equal groups with partial control with a post-test was chosen. The sample consisted of (70) students from the fifth literary grade, studying European history and modern and contemporary America in the First Rusafa Education Directorate, in middle school. (Al-Farouq for boys) The research sample was selected by a simple random method, and two groups were selected from the fifth literary grade, distributed into two groups, an experimental group taught according to the constructivist model (CLM) and a control group taught according to the usual method, after the researcher conducted equivalence operations between the two groups in the variables. The following (the chronological age of the students, academic achievement for the previous year 2018/2019, intelligence - a pre-test in visual-spatial intelligence), and the t-test was used) for two independent samples. It turned out that the difference is not statistically significant at the level of (0.05)

To achieve the goal of the research, the researcher adopted the test for acquiring historical concepts by researcher Mahdi, Qasim Ismail (2013), which consists of (54) objective items after confirming its validity by presenting it to experts and specialists, and extracting its stability by re-applying it. The researcher also prepared a test for spatial intelligence. - Al-Basri consists of (30) paragraphs prepared by reviewing previous literature and studies, after confirming its validity and extracting its reliability.

After correcting the answers and processing the data statistically, the results of the research showed that the students of the experimental research group who learned the subject according to Yacker’s model were superior to the students of the control research group who studied the same subject using the usual method in acquiring historical concepts and developing their spatial-visual intelligence.

The researcher came up with a set of recommendations, the most important of which is: using Yacker’s constructivist model (CLM) not in subjects other than history, because it has an impact on their acquisition of historical concepts and the development of their spatial-visual intelligence.

The researcher also suggested conducting a number of future studies, including: a study similar to the current study to identify the effect of Yacker’s constructivist model (CLM) on other variables such as: (creative thinking and developing mental abilities).