Instructional strategies for learning conflict resolution skills in school


  • Prof. Dr. Haider Kareem Sukar


The school is a community tool that achieves its educational goals through all behavioral habits that provide students with sound and integrated growth, as well as preparation and adaptation for the future after obtaining success and involvement in government institutions and the economy. In the civilizational scale, so the school must achieve all means of education and an educational philosophy based on foundations with educational entertainment

Adolescent children may seek more freedom, power, and complete liberation later on from the authority of parents and others represented by the school, as it is the broader environment after the family that embraces the person, so we see these children doing actions such as abuse of others, violation of order and law, harshness in dealing with others, or rudeness in their behavior with them They may make mistakes and misbehave on purpose even though they know what is right and are able to act well.

Therefore, the increasing manifestations of violence, disagreement and conflict in schools have led to an increase in the interest of educators of all positions in the process of learning and teaching students the concepts of human rights and the attitudes of tolerance in general and the skills of resolving differences and conflicts in constructive and positive ways and means, and the process of resolving each conflict combines values ​​that we find in other concepts. The concept of human rights is a deep respect for human dignity and the legitimacy and ability of every individual. The concept of democracy includes the values ​​of participation and response within a changing global environment. The concept of peace includes the value of acceptance of the other and the satisfaction of non-violent interaction. Conflict resolution is a decision-making process aimed at addressing, managing, settling or resolving the conflict. In ways that reinforce the values ​​of the other three concepts.

Contributing to solving this problem will push towards the development of the educational process, because the elimination of violence within the corridors of the school will lead to the dedication of students, teachers, school principals, and officials to improving that process, and it will give room for education and education to flourish, and in the areas of the desired civil society.

Creating a school based on non-violence means ultimately creating a person who respects man and his rights. The main goal of education is to achieve growth, integration and prosperity. There is an educational ring at least towards activating and modernizing education and spreading democratic concepts in the educational process, and among these concepts is the establishment of a human relationship. Between the pillars of education, especially between the teacher and the student, in addition to educational counselors in schools

To direct students' behavior, understand their levels, and solve their problems with modern educational methods away from the old methods. The problem remains latent in the student, teacher, and principal, being citizens who are still affected by the society in which they live.

Therefore, educators see in teaching students the skills of resolving conflicts as an effective method in eliminating all patterns of aggressive behavior that appear on the part of students in their endeavor to resolve the differences and conflicts that they face with the administration of their school, their teachers and their peers inside the school, and with their families and with the people of their community in their public life.

And that prevention of violence is better than treatment, and the most important method of prevention is to train students to understand The viewpoints of others, understanding the disastrous consequences of violence, understanding that violence may get out of control, and adopting negotiation to resolve the conflict, hence the idea of ​​research as an attempt to deal with conflicts and educational strategies through which conflicts that occur in school can be dealt with.

The current research aims to identify:

1- The concept of conflict resolution

2- Causes of conflict in schools

3- The consequences of the spread of conflict manifestations among schoolchildren

4 main principles in teaching and learning the skills of creative and constructive conflict resolution.

5- Educational strategies in learning conflict resolution skills

The current research relied on the descriptive approach based on analysis and interpretation that seeks to determine the current situation of the studied phenomenon and then describe it.

The study of any phenomenon or problem requires a description of this phenomenon, and the aim of adopting this type of research is to reach a deeper understanding of the studied phenomenon.

Keywords: educational strategies, conflict resolution


2023-09-01 — Updated on 2023-09-02